The beginnings of use of the pillar and beam in construction
The basic constructive elements that are still used today in modern construction date back to the period of 3000 years BC.
The historic Stonehenge Monument in England, the most famous example of megalithic architecture (megalith – on a large Greek stone) consists of upright stone blocks about 4 meters high and weighing about 25 tons, placed in two circles, internal and external, above which are horizontal monolithic heaps.
The most interesting fact for us is that the builders used an archival system for the first time in history, then still in primitive form, rough and probably unintentional, but still used the pillar and the beam in the construction that is not fundamentally different from today’s construction of that type.
Stonehenge was built between 3000 and 2000 BC, from which there is no recorded data, so many questions about the method of construction and the purpose for which the building was built, still remain in the domain of theory. Most scientists believe that this object played a role in the performance of pagan rituals of that time.